In the United States, nearly $1 trillion is committed to philanthropy — sitting in foundations, donor-advised funds and elsewhere. Donors, in most cases, have transferred ownership of these funds to separate entities and received their tax deductions. Only a small percentage of those funds is expended on charitable donations for the general public good. Rather, the great majority of those resources are invested for a financial return without regard to their impact on society in general and women and minorities, in particular . . .